Peschiera is situated at the South-Eastern tip of the Lake Garda, on the river Mincio which is the only effluent of the lake. The historical city centre is completely surrounded by imposing bulwarks forming a star with five points, surrounded by a navigable moat. The first city walls of Peschiera date back to the year 101 B.C.; during the centuries they were destroyed and rebuilt many times until they were englobed in the XVI century by Sanmicheli into an imposing defence structure with several detached forts. After the fall of Napoleon in the year 1815 and the subsequent transfer of the zone to Austria, Peschiera became one of the main elements of the defence quadrilateral Verona – Peschiera – Mantua – Legnago. Together with the surrounding villages of Custoza, San Martino and Solferino, Peschiera saw many battles of which the last one, the 1848 siege by the Piedmont army of Peschiera occupied by the Austrians that ended with the surrender of the city, is recalled with a “Rievocazione” festival in the month of September. In the city centre, the garrison command building, now town hall, and the parish church dedicated to San Martino built in the XVIII century on the rests of a pagan temple. A few miles to the South, the pilgrimage Sanctuary of Madonna del Frassino, built in the XVI century after the appearance of the Madonna between the branches of an ash-tree (frassino). The territory of Peschiera produces a aromatic white wine, the Lugana DOC. Monday is market day at Peschiera; an antiques market is held on the first Sunday of the month. CYCLING ROUTE TO MANTUA The river Mincio offers an interesting cycling route almost all the way to Mantua. We park at the soccer court in Peschiera and descend to the path along the defence moat with which we reach the river Mincio. The path along the right river bank is tarred for 6 km until the Salionze water dam, which we cross: on the left bank a spring with wonderfully cool drinking water. The tarred path on the left bank continues along Monzambano (weekly market on Sunday), Borghetto (15 km from Peschiera) and Pozzolo (20 km from Peschiera). At the water dam in Pozzolo, the cycling route leaves the Mincio and continues to Marengo along the left bank of a channel (Canal Bianco). With a mountain bike, the Mincio can be followed between Monzambano and Pozzolo on the right river bank which is not tarred, crossing a beautiful agricultural zone called “Basse dei Bonomi”. The path ends at an island with a historical mill that serves a particularly delicate pizza. Instead of following the left channel bank to Marengo and then the normal roads to Mantua, we can cross the bridge at Pozzolo (or remain on the right bank) and take the road to Goito (7 km, weekly market on Sunday), cross the city centre and the historical bridge, and at the beautiful Villa Giraffa take the road to Maglio, Soave and Cittadella di Mantova.